Bovine adrenocortical cytochrome P450scc (CYP11A1) was selectively modified with diiodofluorescein iodoacetamide (DIFIA). Only Cys264 is labeled in the P450 polypeptide chain. The modification significantly affected the cholesterol-hydroxylating activity in the reconstituted system containing NADPH, adrenodoxin reductase, adrenodoxin, and soluble or membrane-bound P450scc. The inhibitory effect correlates with decreased affinity of cytochrome P450scc to intermediate electron carrier, adrenodoxin. Cytochrome P450scc is modified in liposomes and the modified membrane-bound protein is cleaved by trypsin forming two large fragments F1 and F2 corresponding to the N- and C-terminal regions of the molecule. The data indicate that the Cys264-containing region of the cytochrome P450scc molecule is exposed to the surface of protein globule, located outside of the membrane, and can participate in protein-protein interactions.