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Selection of Naturally Occurring Extended-Spectrum TEM β-Lactamase Variants by Fluctuating β-Lactam Pressure

Authors
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology
Publication Date
Source
PMC
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Biology
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Unknown

Abstract

Despite the large number of in vitro mutations that increase resistance to extended-spectrum cephalosporins in TEM-type β-lactamases, only a small number occur in naturally occurring enzymes. In nature, and particularly in the hospital, bacteria that contain β-lactamases encounter simultaneous or consecutive selective pressure with different β-lactam molecules. All variants obtained by submitting an Escherichia coli strain that contains a blaTEM-1 gene to fluctuating challenge with both ceftazidime and amoxicillin contained only mutations previously detected in naturally occurring β-lactamases. Nevertheless, some variants obtained by ceftazidime challenge alone contained mutations never detected in naturally occurring TEM β-lactamases, suggesting that extended-spectrum TEM variants in hospital isolates result from fluctuating selective pressure with several β-lactams rather than selection with a single antibiotic.

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