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Seismic bearing capacity of shallow foundations near rock slopes using the generalized Hoek-Brown criterion

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Abstract

The seismic bearing capacity of shallow foundations resting on a modified Hoek?Brown rock mass is investigated within the framework of the kinematic approach of limit analysis theory. The analysis focuses on evaluating the reduction in bearing capacity induced by seismic loading and by the proximity of a rock slope. A pseudo-static approach is adopted to account for the earthquake effects for the seismic bearing capacity evaluations. At the rock material level, the closed-form expressions previously obtained for the support functions of the rock failure criterion allow the implementation of different failure mechanisms families, and thus to derive rigorous upper bounds estimates of the load-bearing capacity in both static and seismic conditions. The effects of geometrical, strength and loading parameters are assessed through a large number of parametric computations. Finally, design tables are presented for practical use in rock engineering.

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