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Sediment distribution on the continental shelf in relation to stream inputs and contamination: hydrodynamic, chemical, mineralogical, and sedimentological characteristics (Ligurian Sea, Italy)

Authors
  • Cutroneo, Laura1
  • Carbone, Cristina1
  • Consani, Sirio1
  • Capello, Marco1
  • 1 University of Genoa,
Type
Published Article
Journal
Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2020
Volume
27
Issue
35
Pages
43755–43768
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11356-020-10259-4
PMID: 32740846
PMCID: PMC7680321
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Research Article
License
Unknown

Abstract

River estuaries, continental shelf, and sediment contamination are closely linked from the point of view of sediment transport and diffusion that is governed by different factors such as sea waves and currents, river flows and floods, and sediment characteristics. Taking these factors into consideration, we have examined marine environmental and marine bottom sediments off the mouth of a stream to highlight the main ways of sediment and contaminant transport and diffusion on the continental shelf. For this purpose, we followed a multidisciplinary approach, studying circulation of water masses, hydrological characteristics of water column, distribution and main characteristics of sediment grain size, sediment mineralogical composition, and metal concentrations of bottom sediments. Our results allowed identifying the presence of preferential ways of sediment deposition and areas of sediment spread for the Entella Stream, as well as the origin of some metals.

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