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The Security of IP-Based Video Surveillance Systems

Authors
  • Kalbo, Naor1
  • Mirsky, Yisroel1, 2
  • Shabtai, Asaf1
  • Elovici, Yuval1
  • 1 (Y.E.)
  • 2 College of Computing, Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
Type
Published Article
Journal
Sensors
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Aug 26, 2020
Volume
20
Issue
17
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/s20174806
PMID: 32858840
PMCID: PMC7506579
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Over the last decade, video surveillance systems have become a part of the Internet of Things (IoT). These IP-based surveillance systems now protect industrial facilities, railways, gas stations, and even one’s own home. Unfortunately, like other IoT systems, there are inherent security risks which can lead to significant violations of a user’s privacy. In this review, we explore the attack surface of modern surveillance systems and enumerate the various ways they can be compromised with real examples. We also identify the threat agents, their attack goals, attack vectors, and the resulting consequences of successful attacks. Finally, we present current countermeasures and best practices and discuss the threat horizon. The purpose of this review is to provide researchers and engineers with a better understanding of a modern surveillance systems’ security, to harden existing systems and develop improved security solutions.

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