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The secondary contact zone of phylogenetic lineages of the Philaenus spumarius (Hemiptera: Aphrophoridae: Cercopidae): an example of incomplete allopatric speciation.

Authors
  • Lis, Agata1
  • Maryańska-Nadachowska, Anna2
  • Lachowska-Cierlik, Dorota3
  • Kajtoch, Łukasz1
  • 1 Institute of Systematics and Evolution of Animals, Polish Academy of Sciences, Cracow, Poland [email protected] , (Poland)
  • 2 Institute of Systematics and Evolution of Animals, Polish Academy of Sciences, Cracow, Poland. , (Poland)
  • 3 Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland. , (Poland)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Insect Science
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2014
Volume
14
Pages
219–219
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1093/jisesa/ieu089
PMID: 25368093
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Previous studies on the phylogeography of the meadow spittlebug Philaenus spumarius (L.) (Hemiptera: Aphrophoridae: Cercopidae) suggest the existence of a contact zone of its main phylogenetic lineages along mountain chains in Europe and western Asia. This study presents a detailed examination of the population genetics of P. spumarius within the Carpathian Mountains. The main objective was to determine whether the populations inhabiting that area consist of individuals belonging to different genetic units and whether the observed pattern could be an example of secondary contact zone which formed after incomplete allopatric speciation. Specimens from six transects across the Carpathian arc were examined. The mitochondrial phylogeography of the meadow spittlebug in the examined area clearly shows that individuals from both main clades meet and mix there. Representatives of all three main EF1-α clades were also found. The present distribution of the main clades with a zone of overlap along the mountain ranges may suggest that these phylogenetic lineages form a young hybrid zone. Moreover, a limited number of individuals were shown to possess heteroplasmic mitochondrial DNA, which gives additional support to intraspecific hybridization. P. spumarius could be used in future work as an excellent model species in investigating population genetics, intraspecific hybridization, and speciation in progress.

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