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The “second wave” of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Arctic: regional and temporal dynamics

Authors
  • Petrov, Andrey N.1, 1
  • Welford, Mark1
  • Golosov, Nikolay1, 1
  • DeGroote, John1
  • Devlin, Michele1
  • Degai, Tatiana1, 1
  • Savelyev, Alexander2
  • 1 University of Northern Iowa, USA
  • 2 Texas State University, USA
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Publisher
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
Publication Date
Jun 14, 2021
Volume
80
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1925446
PMID: 34125008
PMCID: PMC8205071
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Short Communication
License
Unknown

Abstract

This article focuses on the “second wave” of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Arctic and examines spatiotemporal patterns between July 2020 and January 2021. We analyse available COVID-19 data at the regional (subnational) level to elucidate patterns and typology of Arctic regions with respect to the COVID-19 pandemic. This article builds upon our previous research that examined the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic between February and July 2020. The pandemic’s “second wave” observed in the Arctic between September 2020 and January 2021 was severe in terms of COVID-19 infections and fatalities, having particularly strong impacts in Alaska, Northern Russia and Northern Sweden. Based on the spatiotemporal patterns of the “second wave” dynamics, we identified 5 types of the pandemic across regions: Shockwaves (Iceland, Faroe Islands, Northern Norway, and Northern Finland), Protracted Waves (Northern Sweden), Tidal Waves (Northern Russia), Tsunami Waves (Alaska), and Isolated Splashes (Northern Canada and Greenland). Although data limitations and gaps persist, monitoring of COVID-19 is critical for developing a proper understanding of the pandemic in order to develop informed and effective responses to the current crisis and possible future pandemics in the Arctic. Data used in this paper are available at https://arctic.uni.edu/arctic-covid-19 .

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