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Search Strategies in the Perceptual-Motor Workspace and the Acquisition of Coordination, Control, and Skill.

Authors
  • Pacheco, Matheus M1
  • Lafe, Charley W2
  • Newell, Karl M2
  • 1 Motor Behavior Laboratory (LACOM), School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. , (Brazil)
  • 2 Motor Behavior Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, United States. , (Georgia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher
Frontiers Media SA
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2019
Volume
10
Pages
1874–1874
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01874
PMID: 31474912
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

In this paper we re-visit and elaborate-on the theoretical framework of learning as searching within the perceptual-motor workspace for a solution to the task. The central focus is the nature of search strategies to locate and create stable equilibrium regions in the perceptual-motor workspace and how these strategies relate to the emergent movement forms in the acquisition of coordination, control, and skill. In the ecological theory of perception and action, the enhanced stability of performance occurs through the attunement of the perceptual systems to the task dynamics together with modifications of action as task and intrinsic dynamics cooperate and/or compete. Thus, through practice in this search process, individuals adapt to the pick-up of task relevant perceptual variables and change their movement form according to the stability of the performed action and its outcome in relation to the task demands. Contemporary experimental findings have revealed features of the search process given the interaction of individual intrinsic dynamics in the context of task requirements and principles that drive the change - e.g., exploitation of more tolerant task-space solutions and emergence of compensatory mechanisms. Finally, we outline how the search strategy framework relates to traditional learning-related phenomena: including the dynamical pathways of learning, learning curves, factors of learning, individuality, motor development, and sport and rehabilitation interventions.

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