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Screw dislocations in BCC transition metals: from ab initio modeling to yield criterion

Authors
  • Clouet, Emmanuel
  • Bienvenu, Baptiste
  • Dezerald, Lucile
  • Rodney, David
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2021
Source
HAL-INRIA
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
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Abstract

We show here how density functional theory calculations can be used to predict the temperatureand orientation-dependence of the yield stress of body-centered cubic (BCC) metals in the thermallyactivated regime where plasticity is governed by the glide of screw dislocations with a 1/2 〈111〉 Burgers vector. Our numerical model incorporates non-Schmid effects, both the twinning/antitwinning asymmetry and non-glide effects, characterized through ab initio calculations on straight dislocations. The model uses the stress-dependence of the kink-pair nucleation enthalpy predicted by a line tension model also fully parameterized on ab initio calculations. The methodology is illustrated here on BCC tungsten but is applicable to all BCC metals. Comparison with experimental data allows to highlight both the successes and remaining limitations of our modeling approach.

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