To select specific binding peptides for imaging and detection of human ovarian cancer. The phage 12-mer peptide library was used to select specific phage clones to ovarian cancer cells. After four rounds of biopanning, the binding specificity of randomly selected phage clones to ovarian cancer cells was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). DNA sequencing and homology analysis were performed on specifically bound phages. The binding ability of the selected peptides to SKOV3 cells was confirmed by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. After four rounds of optimized biological panning, phage recovery was 34-fold higher than that of the first round, and the specific phage clones bound to SKOV3 cells were significantly enriched. A total of 32 positive phage clones were preliminarily identified by ELISA from 54 randomly selected clones, and the positive rate was 59.3%. S36 was identified as the clone with best affinity to SKOV3 cells via fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. A representative clone of OSP2, S36 is expected to be an effective probe for diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cancer.