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To Screen or Not to Screen? Science Discourse in Two Health Policy Controversies, As Seen through Three Approaches to the Citation Evidence

Authors
  • Sætnan, Ann Rudinow1
  • 1 Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway , Trondheim
Type
Published Article
Journal
Scientometrics
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2000
Volume
48
Issue
3
Pages
307–344
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1023/A:1005636420708
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

This article is an empirical study of two science and health policy controversies — "to screen or not to screen" with ultrasound in pregnancy and with mammography for breast cancer. In each case, conflicting experimental results have been published. Which of the results have been accepted within the medical science community? The article is also a theoretical and methodological study of three views of science — an institutional view, an interests view, and a semiotic view. How might each approach scientific publications as evidence? Could they be eclectically combined in a more complex view of science discourse?

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