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A scoring system for risk assessment of the introduction and spread of bovine viral diarrhoea virus in dairy herds in Northern Italy.

Authors
  • Luzzago, Camilla
  • Frigerio, Michela
  • Piccinini, Renata
  • Daprà, Valentina
  • Zecconi, Alfonso
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Veterinary Journal
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2008
Volume
177
Issue
2
Pages
236–241
Identifiers
PMID: 17574459
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

To support a voluntary disease control program, this study aimed to develop an integrated scoring system for the risk assessment of bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) infection in dairy herds in Northern Italy. Sixty-two dairy herds were classified according to their BVDV serological status. Farmers were interviewed using a questionnaire on potential BVDV risk factors. Scores were used to define risk levels for factors related to (1) BVDV introduction (through livestock trade, attendance of animals at shows/exhibitions and grazing common pasture), (2) within-herd spread of BVDV and (3) the results of initial serological testing. The calculated odds ratios were significant for all categories, except for livestock trade. The application of the screening test, the questionnaire and the related risk assessment showed this to be a practical approach to predicting BVDV herd status.

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