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A School- and Home-Based Intervention to Improve Adolescents' Physical Activity and Healthy Eating: A Pilot Study.

Authors
  • Robbins, Lorraine B1
  • Ling, Jiying1
  • Clevenger, Kimberly2
  • Voskuil, Vicki R3
  • Wasilevich, Elizabeth1
  • Kerver, Jean M4
  • Kaciroti, Niko5, 6
  • Pfeiffer, Karin A2
  • 1 College of Nursing, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.
  • 2 Department of Kinesiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.
  • 3 Nursing Department, Hope College, Holland, MI, USA.
  • 4 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.
  • 5 Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
  • 6 Department of Biostatistics, Center for Computational Medicine and Bioinformatics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of school nursing : the official publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2020
Volume
36
Issue
2
Pages
121–134
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1059840518791290
PMID: 30068245
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study evaluated feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a 12-week Guys/Girls Opt for Activities for Life (GOAL) intervention on 10- to 13-year-old adolescents' body mass index (BMI), percent body fat, physical activity (PA), diet quality, and psychosocial perceptions related to PA and healthy eating. Parent-adolescent dyads from two schools were enrolled. Schools were assigned to either GOAL (38 dyads) or control (43 dyads) condition. The intervention included an after-school club for adolescents 2 days/week, parent-adolescent dyad meeting, and parent Facebook group. Intervention adolescents had greater autonomous motivation for PA and self-efficacy for healthy eating than control adolescents (both p < .05). Although between-group differences were not significant, close-to-moderate effect sizes resulted for accelerometer-measured moderate-to-vigorous PA and diet quality measured via 24-hr dietary recall (d = .46 and .44, respectively). A trivial effect size occurred for percent body fat (d = -.10). No differences emerged for BMI. Efficacy testing with a larger sample may be warranted.

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