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Scenario’s and schemes of proven nutrient recovery and reuse techniques

Authors
  • Verbeke, Marieke
  • Brienza, Claudio
  • Dijk, Kimovan
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2021
Source
Wageningen University and Researchcenter Publications
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

The information compiled in this report will be focussing on the recovery rate or efficiency and costs of current full scale proven nutrient recovery and reuse (NRR) techniques. Data was acquired from scientific publications. Also existing biogas plants, including Demo Plants, Outreach Locations and Associate Plants and technology providers were approached for acquiring this information. Criteria were set up to select cost-effective NRR technologies and based on these criteria the following technologies were were identified: • Liquid-solid separation techniques • Nitrogen (ammonia) stripping-scrubbing • Evaporation and condensation • Phosphorus stripping and precipitation • Drying Additionally, for each technique common separation efficiency and nutrient recovery rates and costs are given. However, it is important to note that these can vary when the technology is used in a technology cascade (i.e. pre-or post-treatment, combination with other technologies. Based on the outcomes of this report, a final selection of 21 technology cascades was chosen to be implemented in the NUTRICAS Tool.

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