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Scan posture definition and hip girth measurement: the impact on clothing design and body scanning.

Authors
  • Gill, Simeon1
  • Parker, Christopher J1
  • 1 a School of Materials , The University of Manchester , Manchester , UK.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Ergonomics
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2017
Volume
60
Issue
8
Pages
1123–1136
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/00140139.2016.1251621
PMID: 27764997
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Ergonomic measurement is central to product design and development; especially for body worn products and clothing. However, there is a large variation in measurement definitions, complicated by new body scanning technology that captures measurements in a posture different to traditional manual methods. Investigations of hip measurement definitions in current clothing measurement practices supports analysis of the effect of scan posture and hip measurement definition on the circumferences of the hip. Here, the hip girth is a key clothing measurement that is not defined in current body scanning measurement standards. Sixty-four participants were scanned in the standard scan posture of a [TC]2 body scanner, and also in a natural posture similar to that of traditional manual measurement collection. Results indicate that scan posture affects hip girth circumferences, and that some current clothing measurement practices may not define the largest lower body circumference. Recommendations are made concerning how the hip is defined in measurement practice and within body scanning for clothing product development. Practitioner Summary: The hip girth is an important measurement in garment design, yet its measurement protocol is not currently defined. We demonstrate that body posture during body scanning affects hip circumferences, and that current clothing measurement practices may not define the largest lower body circumference. This paper also provides future measurement practice recommendations.

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