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SARS-CoV-2 and Obesity: “CoVesity”—a Pandemic Within a Pandemic

Authors
  • Zakka, Kimberley1
  • Chidambaram, Swathikan2
  • Mansour, Sami3
  • Mahawar, Kamal4
  • Salminen, Paulina5
  • Almino, Ramos6
  • Schauer, Philip7
  • Kinross, James3
  • Purkayastha, Sanjay3
  • 1 American University of Beirut,
  • 2 University of Oxford,
  • 3 Imperial College London, St Mary’s Hospital,
  • 4 Sunderland Royal Hospital,
  • 5 Turku University,
  • 6 Gastro-Obeso-CIMO, Sau Paulo, Brazil
  • 7 Pennington Biomedical Research Institute, Baton Rouge, LA USA
Type
Published Article
Journal
Obesity Surgery
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Jan 22, 2021
Pages
1–10
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11695-020-04919-0
PMID: 33479921
PMCID: PMC7819768
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Individuals who are overweight or suffering from obesity are in a chronic state of low-grade inflammation, making them particularly susceptible to developing severe forms of respiratory failure. Studies conducted in past pandemics link obesity with worse health outcomes. This population is thus of particular concern within the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, considering the cessation of obesity management services. This systematic review highlights [1] the reciprocal link between the obesity and COVID-19 pandemics, [2] obesity as a risk factor for more severe disease in past pandemics, [3] potential mechanisms that make individual’s suffering from obesity more susceptible to severe disease and higher viral load, and [4] the need to safely resume bariatric services as recommended by expert guidelines, in order to mitigate the health outcomes of an already vulnerable population.

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