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SARS-CoV-2 B.1.1.7 UK Variant of Concern Lineage-Related Perceptions, COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptance and Travel Worry Among Healthcare Workers

Authors
  • Temsah, Mohamad-Hani1
  • Barry, Mazin2
  • Aljamaan, Fadi3, 4
  • Alhuzaimi, Abdullah N.3, 5, 6
  • Al-Eyadhy, Ayman1
  • Saddik, Basema7, 8
  • Alsohime, Fahad1
  • Alhaboob, Ali1
  • Alhasan, Khalid1
  • Alaraj, Ali9, 10
  • Halwani, Rabih7, 11
  • Jamal, Amr3, 12, 13
  • Alamro, Nurah3, 12
  • Temsah, Reem14
  • Esmaeil, Samia3, 13
  • Alenezi, Shuliweeh15
  • Alzamil, Fahad1
  • Somily, Ali M.3, 16
  • Al-Tawfiq, Jaffar A.17, 18, 19
  • 1 Pediatric Department, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh , (Saudi Arabia)
  • 2 Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University and King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh , (Saudi Arabia)
  • 3 College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh , (Saudi Arabia)
  • 4 Critical Care Department, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh , (Saudi Arabia)
  • 5 Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Cardiac Sciences, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh , (Saudi Arabia)
  • 6 Heart Center, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center, Riyadh , (Saudi Arabia)
  • 7 Sharjah Institute of Medical Research, University of Sharjah, Sharjah , (United Arab Emirates)
  • 8 Department of Community and Family Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah , (United Arab Emirates)
  • 9 Dr Sulaiman Al Habib Medical Group, Riyadh , (Saudi Arabia)
  • 10 Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim , (Saudi Arabia)
  • 11 Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah , (United Arab Emirates)
  • 12 Department of Family and Community Medicine, King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh , (Saudi Arabia)
  • 13 Evidence-Based Health Care & Knowledge Translation Research Chair, King Saud University, Riyadh , (Saudi Arabia)
  • 14 College of Pharmacy, Alfaisal University, Riyadh , (Saudi Arabia)
  • 15 Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh , (Saudi Arabia)
  • 16 Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University and King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh , (Saudi Arabia)
  • 17 Specialty Internal Medicine and Quality Department, Johns Hopkins Aramco Healthcare, Dhahran , (Saudi Arabia)
  • 18 Infectious Disease Division, Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN , (United States)
  • 19 Infectious Disease Division, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD , (United States)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Frontiers in Public Health
Publisher
Frontiers Media SA
Publication Date
May 26, 2021
Volume
9
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2021.686958
Source
Frontiers
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Public Health
  • Original Research
License
Green

Abstract

Background: Healthcare workers' (HCWs') travel-related anxiety needs to be assessed in light of the emergence of SARS-CoV-2 mutations. Methods: An online, cross-sectional questionnaire among HCWs between December 21, 2020 to January 7, 2021. The outcome variables were HCWs' knowledge and awareness of the SARS-CoV-2 B.1.1.7 lineage that was recently reported as the UK variant of concern, and its associated travel worry and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) score. Results: A total of 1,058 HCWs completed the survey; 66.5% were female, 59.0% were nurses. 9.0% indicated they had been previously diagnosed with COVID-19. Regarding the B.1.1.7 lineage, almost all (97.3%) were aware of its emergence, 73.8% were aware that it is more infectious, 78.0% thought it causes more severe disease, and only 50.0% knew that current COVID-19 vaccines are effective in preventing it. Despite this, 66.7% of HCWs were not registered to receive the vaccine. HCWs' most common source of information about the new variant was social media platforms (67.0%), and this subgroup was significantly more worried about traveling. Nurses were more worried than physicians (P = 0.001). Conclusions: Most HCWs were aware of the emergence of the SARS-CoV-2 B.1.1.7 variant and expressed substantial travel worries. Increased worry levels were found among HCWs who used social media as their main source of information, those with lower levels of COVID-19 vaccine uptake, and those with higher GAD-7 scores. The utilization of official social media platforms could improve accurate information dissemination among HCWs regarding the Pandemic's evolving mutations. Targeted vaccine campaigns are warranted to assure HCWs about the efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines toward SARS-CoV-2 variants.

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