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Sand fly species of Sanliurfa province in Turkey.

Authors
  • Toprak, S
  • Ozer, N
Type
Published Article
Journal
Medical and veterinary entomology
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2005
Volume
19
Issue
1
Pages
107–110
Identifiers
PMID: 15752185
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The species composition and seasonal abundance of sand flies (Diptera: Phlebotominae) were studied in the years 2000-2002 in the Sanliurfa region, which is the largest focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis in south-eastern Turkey. Sixteen species were identified among 29 771 specimens collected at 17 different sites by light traps, sticky papers and aspirators. The most common species were Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli) (45.4%), P. perfiliewi Parrot (21.9%), and P. sergenti Parrot (19.4%). The other species found were P. major Adler & Theodor (3%), P. neglectus Leger & Pesson (2.2%), P. brevis Theodor & Mesghali (2%), P. alexandri Sinton (1.9%), P. galilaeus Theodor (1.6%), P. halepensis Theodor (0.84%), Sergentomyia adleri Theodor (0.78%), S. dentata Sinton (0.49%), S. minuta Rondani (0.42%), S. theodori Parrot (0.16%), P. kazeruni Theodor & Mesghali (0.001%) and P. mascitti Grassi (0.001%) and one unidentified Phlebotomus species. Among these species P. galilaeus, S. minuta and S. dentata are the first records for this area. All species showed seasonal fluctuations, with the period of highest abundance between May and October.

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