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«Salut al cor/salud en el corazón»: resultados del programa de educación sanitaria en salud cardiovascular de Mútua Terrassa

Authors
  • Madridejos Mora, Rosa
  • Majem Fabres, Lourdes
  • Puig Acebal, Helena
  • Sanz Latorre, Inma
  • Llobet Traveset, Eva
  • Arce Casas, Mar
  • Ruiz Morilla, Dolors
  • Mercadal Dalmau, Ángel
  • Pañart Sánchez, Dani1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • 1 Farmacéutica de Atención Primaria, CAP Sant Cugat-La Mina de Mútua Terrassa
  • 2 Enfermera de Atención Primaria, CAP Sant Cugat-Valldoreix de Mútua Terrassa
  • 3 Enfermera de Atención Primaria, CAP Sant Cugat-Can Matas de Mútua Terrassa
  • 4 Farmacéutica de Atención Primaria, CAP Rambla de Terrassa de Mútua Terrassa
  • 5 Médico de familia, CAP Sant Cugat-Can Matas de Mútua Terrassa
  • 6 Médico de familia, CAP Rubí de Mútua Terrassa
  • 7 Médico de familia, CAP Rambla de Terrassa de Mútua Terrassa
Type
Published Article
Journal
Atencion Primaria
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2012
Accepted Date
Dec 23, 2013
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.aprim.2013.12.009
Source
Elsevier
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

ObjectiveTo improve the knowledge of the population about heart-healthy habits through a training program supplemented by a web site and community activities. DesignA controlled clinical trial with intervention done through participation in the Cardiovascular Health Training Classroom (CHTC) LocationA town of 80,000 inhabitants. ParticipantsPatients: both sexes, aged 55 to 70 years, with at least one cardiovascular risk factor (CVRF). InterventionThe intervention group (IG) consisted of patients who participated in the CHTC. Intervention was carried out through a 20-hour presential group course in which a support web site was offered and complementary activities were organized. Classes were taught by three Primary Care nurses. Main measurementsThe primary endpoint was knowledge of CVRF. The secondary variables were age, sex, CVRF, lifestyle, visits to health centers, pharmaceutical use adherence, and satisfaction with the program. ResultsData from patients in the first 10 courses (n=150) were evaluated. A statistically significant improvement was observed in overall knowledge of CVRF in the IG (87.3% to 100%) compared with control group (GC) (84.5% to 92.7%), p<.001, as well as an improvement in physical activity is (IG: 71.2% to 83.1% versus CG: 72.6% to 78.2%), p=.05. The total number of Primary Care visits (medical and nursing) decreased in the IG more than in the CG. The satisfaction rate of the course was very high. ConclusionsThis experience is effective in improving cardiovascular health knowledge and promoting some healthy habits.

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