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Salt-Induced Counterion-Mobility Anomaly in Polyelectrolyte Electrophoresis

Authors
  • Fischer, Sebastian
  • Naji, Ali
  • Netz, Roland R.
Type
Published Article
Publication Date
May 23, 2009
Submission Date
May 23, 2009
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.176103
Source
arXiv
License
Yellow
External links

Abstract

We study the electrokinetics of a single polyelectrolyte chain in salt solution using hydrodynamic simulations. The salt-dependent chain mobility compares well with experimental DNA data. The mobility of condensed counterions exhibits a salt-dependent change of sign, an anomaly that is also reflected in the counterion excess conductivity. Using Green's function techniques this anomaly is explained by electrostatic screening of the hydrodynamic interactions between chain and counterions.

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