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Salicibibacter cibarius sp. nov. and Salicibibacter cibi sp. nov., two novel species of the family Bacillaceae isolated from kimchi

  • Oh, Young Joon1
  • Kim, Joon Yong1
  • Lim, Seul Ki1
  • Kwon, Min-Sung1
  • Choi, Hak-Jong1
  • 1 World Institute of Kimchi, Gwangju, 61755, Republic of Korea , Gwangju (South Korea)
Published Article
Journal of Microbiology
The Microbiological Society of Korea
Publication Date
Apr 28, 2021
DOI: 10.1007/s12275-021-0513-1
Springer Nature


To date, all species in the genus Salicibibacter have been isolated in Korean commercial kimchi. We aimed to describe the taxonomic characteristics of two strains, NKC5-3T and NKC21-4T, isolated from commercial kimchi collected from various regions in the Republic of Korea. Cells of these strains were rod-shaped, Gram-positive, aerobic, oxidase- and catalase-positive, non-motile, halophilic, and alkalitolerant. Both strains, unlike other species of the genus Salicibibacter, could not grow without NaCl. Strains NKC5-3T and NKC21-4T could tolerate up to 25.0% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 10%) and grow at pH 7.0–10.0 (optimum 8.5) and 8.0–9.0 (optimum 8.5), respectively; they showed 97.1% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to each other and were most closely related to S. kimchii NKC1-1T (97.0% and 96.8% similarity, respectively). The genome of strain NKC5-3T was nearly 4.6 Mb in size, with 4,456 protein-coding sequences (CDSs), whereas NKC21-4T genome was nearly 3.9 Mb in size, with 3,717 CDSs. OrthoANI values between the novel strains and S. kimchii NKC1-1T were far lower than the species demarcation threshold. NKC5-3T and NKC21-4T clustered together to form branches that were distinct from the other Salicibibacter species. The major fatty acids in these strains were anteiso-C15:0 and anteiso-C17:0, and the predominant menaquinone was menaquinone-7. The polar lipids of NKC5-3T included diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), and five unidentified phospholipids (PL), and those of NKC21-4T included DPG, PG, seven unidentified PLs, and an unidentified lipid. Both isolates had DPG, which is the first case in the genus Salicibibacter. The genomic G + C content of strains NKC5-3T and NKC21-4T was 44.7 and 44.9 mol%, respectively. Based on phenotypic, genomic, phylogenetic, and chemotaxonomic analyses, strains NKC5-3T (= KACC 22040T = DSM 111417T) and NKC21-4T (= KACC 22041T = DSM 111418T) represent two novel species of the genus Salicibibacter, for which the names Salicibibacter cibarius sp. nov. and Salicibibacter cibi sp. nov. are proposed.

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