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Safety Level of Microorganism-Bearing Products Applied in Soil-Plant Systems

Authors
  • Vassileva, Maria1
  • Mocali, Stefano2
  • Canfora, Loredana2
  • Malusá, Eligio3, 4
  • García del Moral, Luis F.5
  • Martos, Vanessa5
  • Flor-Peregrin, Elena1
  • Vassilev, Nikolay1, 6
  • 1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Institute of Biotechnology, University of Granada, Granada , (Spain)
  • 2 Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Agriculture and Environment, Rome , (Italy)
  • 3 Research Institute of Horticulture, Skierniewice , (Poland)
  • 4 Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Center for Viticulture and Enology, Conegliano , (Italy)
  • 5 Department of Plant Physiology, University of Granada, Granada , (Spain)
  • 6 Institute of Biotechnology, University of Granada, Granada , (Spain)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Frontiers in Plant Science
Publisher
Frontiers Media SA
Publication Date
Apr 28, 2022
Volume
13
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2022.862875
Source
Frontiers
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Plant Science
  • Mini Review
License
Green

Abstract

The indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers adversely affects ecological health and soil microbiota provoking loss of soil fertility and greater pathogen and pest presence in soil-plant systems, which further reduce the quality of food and human health. Therefore, the sustainability, circular economy, environmental safety of agricultural production, and health concerns made possible the practical realization of eco-friendly biotechnological approaches like organic matter amendments, biofertilizers, biopesticides, and reuse of agro-industrial wastes by applying novel and traditional methods and processes. However, the advancement in the field of Biotechnology/Agriculture is related to the safety of these microorganism-bearing products. While the existing regulations in this field are well-known and are applied in the preparation and application of waste organic matter and microbial inoculants, more attention should be paid to gene transfer, antibiotic resistance, contamination of the workers and environment in farms and biotech-plants, and microbiome changes. These risks should be carefully assessed, and new analytical tools and regulations should be applied to ensure safe and high-quality food and a healthy environment for people working in the field of bio-based soil amendments.

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