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The safety and efficacy of supervised exercise on pregnant women with overweight/obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Authors
  • Muhammad, Harry Freitag Luglio1
  • Pramono, Adriyan2
  • Rahman, Muhammad Nurhadi3
  • 1 Department of Nutrition and Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. , (Indonesia)
  • 2 Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro, Central Java, Semarang, Indonesia. , (Indonesia)
  • 3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. , (Indonesia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Clinical obesity
Publication Date
Nov 09, 2020
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/cob.12428
PMID: 33167074
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Behavioural modification through physical activity and dietary counselling has been shown to have beneficial effects on pregnant women with overweight/obesity. Whether exercise alone with supervision (ie, supervised exercise) may also benefit for pregnant women with overweight/obesity is still unknown. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of supervised exercise on pregnant women with overweight/obesity. PubMed, Cochrane library, Embase (Ovid), CINAHL (EBSCO), and Web of Science were used to search publications using a combination of main keywords "obesity", "exercise", "pregnant women", and "randomised controlled trial". From a total of 740 publications, 11 randomized controlled trials were included. All studies reported no adverse effects of supervised exercise on pregnant women with overweight/obesity. Of interest, this meta-analysis showed gestational weight gain (GWG) was lower in the supervised exercise group as compared to control (Mean difference 0.88 kg, 95%CI -1.73 to -0.03, P = .04). There was a significant effect of supervised exercise on post-prandial blood glucose (MD: -0.24, 95%CI -0.47 to -0.01, P = .04) and insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) (MD: -0.18, 95%CI -0.30 to -0.05, P = .005). There were no differences in risk of gestational diabetes mellitus, pre-eclampsia/gestational hypertension, and newborn outcomes (eg, infants birth weight, preterm birth incident, and gestational age) (all P > .05). This meta-analysis might suggest beneficial effects of supervised exercise on pregnant women with overweight/obesity to prevent excessive GWG, attenuates insulin resistance, and the post-prandial blood glucose level. © 2020 World Obesity Federation.

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