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Rv0807, a putative phospholipase A2 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis; Elucidation through sequence analysis, homology modeling, molecular docking and molecular dynamics studies of potential substrates and inhibitors.

Authors
  • Sundar, Shobana1
  • Thangamani, Lokesh1
  • Manivel, Gowdham1
  • Kumar, Praveen1
  • Piramanayagam, Shanmughavel1
  • 1 Department of Bioinformatics, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India. , (India)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of biomolecular structure & dynamics
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2020
Volume
38
Issue
13
Pages
3990–4004
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/07391102.2019.1677499
PMID: 31588859
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) has the ability to scrounge off the host macrophages and create a cordial environment for its survival. Identification of mechanisms favoring this purpose leads to novel treatment strategies for tuberculosis. In this study through in silico approaches, we intend to identify the putative role for Rv0807 from Mtb and its essentiality for mycobacterium survival within the macrophages. Through sequence analysis, we hypothesize that Rv0807 could be a Phospholipase A2 of Mtb. Moreover, through in silico mutation studies we have predicted certain residues to be a part of the catalytic process of the Rv0807 homodimer. Rv0807 could be a potential drug target as it binds phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate (PI3P) and could be involved in processing the host cell PI3Ps, thereby blocking the phagosomal maturation. A pharmacophore hypothesis was generated for the Rv0807 homodimer based on the ligand binding site and a set of Pretomanid related compounds were screened against the Rv0807 homodimer. The top five compounds which had better docking scores and good ADME properties were selected as best inhibitory compounds and analyzed further. Molecular dynamics (MD) studies of Rv0807 homodimer with PI3P and with the top scored compound in docking studies, demonstrated a lot of conformational changes in the protein structure as it gets occluded through the course of simulation. The movement of a loop atop the ligand binding site, suggests of a lid-like region as seen in many other phospholipases. MD simulation of the mutant structures was also performed and its effect on the protein conformational changes was discussed.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

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