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Ruthenium, rhodium and iridium complexes containing diazafluorene derivative ligands: synthesis and biological studies

Authors
  • Nongpiur, Carley Giffert L1
  • Tripathi, Deepak Kumar2
  • Poluri, Krishna Mohan2
  • Rawat, Hemant3
  • Kollipara, Mohan Rao1
  • 1 North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, 793 022, India , Shillong (India)
  • 2 Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, 247 667, India , Roorkee (India)
  • 3 Central Ayurveda Research Institute, Jhansi, 284003, India , Jhansi (India)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Chemical Sciences
Publisher
Springer India
Publication Date
Feb 05, 2022
Volume
134
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s12039-021-02004-2
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Regular Article
License
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Abstract

Reaction of [(arene)MCl2]2 with bidentate 4, 5-diazafluorene-9-one (dafo) and derived Schiff-base ligands (L1–L3) in the presence of ammonium hexafluorophosphate yielded mononuclear cationic complexes having general formula [(arene)MLCl]PF6 {M = Ru, arene = benzene (1, 5, 9); M = Ru, arene = p-cymene (4, 8); M = Rh, arene = Cp* (2, 6, 10); M = Ir, arene = Cp* (3, 7, 11); L = 4, 5-diazafluorene-9-one (L1), N-(4, 5-diazafluoren-9-ylidene)aniline (L2), N-(4, 5-diazafluoren-9-ylidene)phenyl hydrazine (L3)}. All these complexes were isolated as hexafluorophosphate salts and characterized by spectral and analytical techniques such as FT-IR, UV-vis, NMR spectroscopy and ESI-Mass spectrometry. Complexes 1-3 were characterized by X-ray crystallographic studies, which indicated NN′ bidentate coordination of the ligands through pyridine nitrogen atoms of the ligand. To evaluate the biological properties of these complexes, antibacterial and antioxidant experiments have been carried out. The complexes 8, 9 and 11 exhibited antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria. Results also show that the compounds possess prominent antioxidant activity against DPPH radicals.Graphical abstractThe reaction of [(arene)MCl2]2 with 4, 5- diazafluorene-9-one (dafo) and derived Schiff-base ligands yielded mononuclear cationic complexes having the general formula [(arene)MLCl]PF6. Some of the complexes exhibited antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria. Results also show that the compounds possess prominent antioxidant activity against DPPH radicals.

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