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Rupture of the cranial cruciate ligament associated with deformity of the proximal tibia in five dogs.

Authors
  • Selmi, A L
  • Padilha Filho, J G
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of small animal practice
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2001
Volume
42
Issue
8
Pages
390–393
Identifiers
PMID: 11518418
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Excessive mechanical stress due to caudal sloping of the tibial plateau may result in early breakdown of the cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL). Five dogs with CrCL rupture associated with caudal sloping of the proximal tibial plateau are described. All were small dogs, of between three and six years of age, with a mean bodyweight of 9.3 kg, which had acute hindlimb lameness. Radiographic examination revealed cranial displacement of the tibia, with a tibial angle varying from 58 to 60 degrees. All cases were treated with a lateral fabellotibial suture and cranial cuneiform osteotomy of the proximal tibia. All dogs were using the operated limb three days after surgery, with normal gait re-established after a mean period of 10 days. Excessive tibial plateau sloping is not a frequent cause of hindlimb lameness in small animals, although it is important to consider it as a predisposing factor for rupture of the CrCL.

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