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A rua e a justaposição de espaços de permanências e espaços de mudanças: reflexões acerca de uma experiência urbana e etnográfica

  • Peciar, Paola Luciana Rodriguez
Publication Date
Sep 15, 2018
Repositório Institucional da UFSC
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Abstract : This thesis is part of the Urban Anthropology studies and is based on anethnography carried out on Leganitos Street, located in the Center Districtof the city of Madrid, Spain. Leganitos street and its urban context ofinsertion are characterized by obeisances to the biography of Spain: theMonarchical System, the Catholic Church and various historicallysedimented customs that animate their way of life. At the end of thedecade 2000 a significant number of Chinese trades began to settle in thesame street. Therefore, although Leganitos street represents a prototypeof this context of Spanish historical reverences, nowadays it is alsoreferred to as "la calle de los chinos" (the street of the Chinese), a narrativeconveyed mainly by the media communication sites in Madrid. Faced withthis apparent paradox, the general objective of this thesis was to offer aninterpretation of Leganitos street as an urban space. An interpretationelaborated with other users of this space, other than the Chinesemerchants, to give visibility to other meanings that could be obscured bythe media narrative: "street of the Chinese." The theoretical assumptionsunderlying the thesis are: space is a practiced place (CERTEAU, 2008);the urban is conformed by practices that extrapolate the territorial limitsand a spatial unit of the city (DELGADO, 2008); a street is capable ofbeing interpreted as a space of interpersonal relations and of interrelationsbetween people and a physical environment (CERTEAU; GIARD;MAYOL 2011; LEFEBVRE, 1978); assumptions all exacerbated in thecontext of complex societies, Velho (2003, 1997). Ethnography was basedon diversified research techniques. Among them, the experience of theresearcher herself as a temporary resident of Leganitos street, the streetethnography (ECKERT; ROCHA, 2008, 2003), and the walking together(JOLÉ, 2005). In addition to the characteristics of Leganitos street and itssurroundings, two narrative sets were analyzed. One of them, conformedby the research interlocutors, residents of the city of Madrid, users whoappropriate this street in different ways. The other, conformed by aselection of reports of the local media, that publishes news on the street inquestion. Through the joint analysis of this information, among otherinferences, this thesis reaches two great results. The first one is thatLeganitos street has a plural typology of users, who, in general, can beclassified as neighborhood, outsiders and passers-by. The second is thatLeganitos street is a juxtaposition between spaces of permanence andspaces of change. Among other conclusions derived from the results ofthis thesis, we can see that: the urban space elastizes the physical andofficial delimitations of a place, due to the social practices generated in it, that extrapolate it, and of processes and symbologies of the city thatpenetrate it; and the researcher, when doing anthropology in the city, willinevitably be making anthropology of the city when the urban space istaken as an object of research.

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