Rotavirus is the major cause of gastroenteritis in children and the main cause of hospital acquired-infection in paediatric unit. We report the epidemiology of gastroenteritis in our hospital during five consecutive years. Rotavirus was involved in 13% of the patients. Seasonal peaks were observed in January and 45.8% of the patients were less than 6 month old. The rotavirus infection was hospital-acquired in 1/3 of the cases. During the winter period, the incidence of rotavirus nosocomial infection was 4.4%.