ROSINA (RSI) was isolated as a DNA binding factor able to bind to the CArG-box present in the promoter of the MADS-box gene DEFICIENS of Antirrhinum majus. The mosaic nature of RSI and its multi-copy presence in the A. majus genome indicated that RSI could be a part of a mobile genetic element. Here we show that RSI is a part of a CACTA transposable element system of A. majus, named TamRSI, which has evolved and is still evolving within the terminal inverted repeats (TIRs) of this CACTA transposon. Interestingly, RSI is always found in opposite orientation with respect to the transcription of a second gene present within the CACTA transposon, which encodes a putative TRANSPOSASE (TNP). This structural configuration has not yet been described for any member of the CACTA transposons superfamily. Internal deletion derivatives of the TamRSI produce aberrant RSI transcripts (RSI-ATs) that carry parts of the RSI RNA fused to parts of the TNP RNA. In addition, an intriguing seed phenotype shown by RNAi transgenic lines generated to silence RSI, relate TamRSI to epigenetic mechanisms and associate the control of flower development to transposon activity.