Affordable Access

Roscovitine induces cell death and morphological changes indicative of apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells.

Authors
  • Mgbonyebi, O P1
  • Russo, J
  • Russo, I H
  • 1 Breast Cancer Research Laboratory, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19111, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cancer research
Publication Date
Apr 15, 1999
Volume
59
Issue
8
Pages
1903–1910
Identifiers
PMID: 10213499
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We have previously shown (Mgbonyebi et al., Anticancer Res., 18: 751-756, 1998) that roscovitine, an olomoucine-related purine analogue and a selective inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases, inhibited the proliferative activity of human breast epithelial cells in vitro. The purpose of the present study was to identify the cellular processes and targets affected by roscovitine treatment in the estrogen receptor-negative MDA-MB-231 human breast carcinoma cells. Treatment of the cells with 10 microg/ml roscovitine daily for a length of time ranging from 24 to 240 h revealed that the compound inhibited DNA synthesis, induced cell death, and irreversibly inhibited the proliferative activity of the cells. Morphological analysis of roscovitine-treated cells by light and fluorescence microscopy demonstrated that this cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor induced cell shrinkage, chromatin condensation, reorganization of actin microfilament architecture, and extensive detachment of cells from the cell culture substratum. These cellular events are all known to be associated with apoptosis. Collectively, the data generated from this study suggest that roscovitine induced apoptosis in the estrogen receptor-negative MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells. Because the efficacy of many anticancer drugs depends on their ability to induce apoptotic cell death, modulation of this parameter by roscovitine may provide a new chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic strategy for the clinical management of hormone-resistant breast cancers.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times