Affordable Access

Access to the full text

Time-resolved singlet oxygen luminescence detection under photodynamic therapy relevant conditions: comparison of ex vivo application of two photosensitizer formulations

Authors
  • Schlothauer, Jan C.1
  • Hackbarth, Steffen1
  • Jäger, Lutz1
  • Drobniewski, Kai1
  • Patel, Hemantbhai2
  • Gorun, Sergiu M.2
  • Röder, Beate1
  • 1 Humboldt-Universitätzu Berlin, Germany , (Germany)
  • 2 Seton Hall University
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Biomedical Optics
Publisher
SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2012
Volume
17
Issue
11
Pages
115005–115005
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1117/1.JBO.17.11.115005
Source
SPIE
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Research Papers: General
License
Yellow

Abstract

Singlet oxygen plays a crucial role in photo-dermatology and photodynamic therapy (PDT) of cancer. Its direct observation by measuring the phosphorescence at 1270 nm, however, is still challenging due to the very low emission probability. It is especially challenging for the time-resolved detection of singlet oxygen kinetics in vivo which is of special interest for biomedical applications. Photosensitized generation of singlet oxygen, in pig ear skin as model for human skin, is investigated here. Two photosensitizers (PS) were topically applied to the pig ear skin and examined in a comparative study, which include the amphiphilic pheophorbide-a and the highly hydrophobic perfluoroalkylated zinc phthalocyanine (F64PcZn). Fluorescence microscopy indicates the exclusive accumulation of pheophorbide-a in the stratum corneum, while F64PcZn can also accumulate in deeper layers of the epidermis of the pig ear skin. The kinetics obtained with phosphorescence measurements show the singlet oxygen interaction with the PS microenvironment. Different generation sites of singlet oxygen correlate with the luminescence kinetics. The results show that singlet oxygen luminescence detection can be used as a diagnostic tool, not only for research, but also during treatment. The detection methodology is suitable for the monitoring of chemical quenchers’ oxidation as well as O2 saturation at singlet oxygen concentration levels relevant to PDT treatment protocols.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times