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The Role of Present Time Perspective in Predicting Early Adolescent Violence.

Authors
  • Kruger, Daniel J1
  • Carrothers, Jessica1
  • Franzen, Susan P1
  • Miller, Alison L1
  • Reischl, Thomas M1
  • Stoddard, Sarah A1
  • Zimmerman, Marc A1
  • 1 1 University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of interpersonal violence
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2018
Volume
33
Issue
12
Pages
1893–1908
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/0886260515619752
PMID: 26701997
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study investigated the role of present and future time perspectives, and their relationships with subjective norms and beliefs regarding violence, in predicting violent behaviors among urban middle school students in the Midwestern United States. Although present time perspective covaried with subjective norms and beliefs, each made a unique prediction of self-reported violent behaviors. Future time perspective was not a significant predictor when accounting for these relationships. In addition, present orientation moderated the relationship between subjective norms and beliefs and rates of violent behaviors; those with higher present orientations exhibited stronger associations. We replicated this pattern of results in data from new participants in a subsequent wave of the study. Interventions that explicitly address issues related to time perspective may be effective in reducing early adolescent violence.

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