The findings suggest that: 1. Low GSH is related to decreased G-6-PD activities. 2. The reduction of peroxides with GPX are decreased by low GSH and low GPX activity. 3. GSSG may react with hemoglobin and causes protein aggregation in erythrocytes. These alterations cause hemolysis and could play a role in the pathogenesis of anemia in hemodialyzed patients.