BackgroundSelective involvement of certain muscles is an indicator for muscle diseases and helps to direct the diagnosis, but in some cases, it cannot be detected clinically; hence, the roles of muscle MRI and ultrasound are to detect this selectivity and facilitate the diagnosis.ObjectivesThe possibility of using muscle ultrasound as a screening tool when muscle diseases are suspected and as an alternative to MRI.Subjects and methodsThis cross-sectional descriptive study included 38 patients presented with clinical manifestations suggestive of muscle diseases. The patients were selected over a period of 1 year. All patients were subjected to thorough clinical assessment and muscle ultrasound of the thigh and leg for all patients, while 15 were subjected to MRI. Clinical and radiological assessments were performed separately, followed by both clinical and radiological findings to assess the power of combining the clinical and radiological assessments for the diagnosis of muscle diseases.ResultsThe clinical assessment reached a main provisional probable diagnosis in 53% cases, and radiological assessment blind to clinical data suggested diagnosis in 18 of the total cases, while the combination of both ultrasound and MRI could suggest diagnosis in 87% of the cases. The concordance ratio of ultrasound to MRI ranged between 78 and 100%.ConclusionThe combination of clinical and radiological assessments of muscle diseases can suggest a main provisional probable diagnosis, especially when genetic diagnosis is not accessible, or to direct the genetic testing when it is available. Ultrasound can be used as a routine tool in screening and follow-up of muscle diseases.