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Role of megalin in renal handling of aminoglycosides.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
1931-857X
Publisher
American Physiological Society
Publication Date
Volume
281
Issue
2
Identifiers
PMID: 11457726
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The role of megalin in tissue distribution of aminoglycosides was examined in normal rats and maleate-treated rats that shed megalin from the renal brush-border membrane. In normal rats, amikacin administered intravenously accumulated most abundantly in the renal cortex, followed by the renal medulla. No amikacin was detected in other tissues. Tissue distributions of amikacin were well correlated with megalin levels in each tissue. Bolus administration of gentamicin increased urinary excretion of megalin ligands (vitamin D binding protein and calcium), suggesting the competition between gentamicin and these megalin ligands in renal tubules. Ligand blotting showed that binding of (45)Ca(2+) to megalin was inhibited by aminoglycosides. Both megalin levels and amikacin accumulation in renal cortex were decreased by maleate injection. Then, amikacin accumulation recovered proportionate to megalin levels. These findings suggest that megalin is involved in the renal cortical accumulation of aminoglycosides in vivo. In addition, the interaction between aminoglycosides and calcium in the kidney may be due to the competition among these compounds to bind to megalin.

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