Four distinct sublines of mouse L 929 cells (termed alpha, beta, gamma, and delta) were derived and shown to differ markedly in their in vitro sensitivity to human lymphotoxin (LT). The alpha L cell is most sensitive and is rapidly destroyed by very low dilutions of LT. This cell is 100 times more sensitive to LT than the most resistant (delta) L cell. The highly lymphotoxin-sensitive alpha cell makes it possible to reproducibly detect LT activity in as little as 0.0005 ml of supernatant medium. Additional studies revealed a direct correlation between the sensitivities of the four L cell sublines to LT and to direct cytolysis mediated by mitogen-stimulated human lymphocytes. The alpha, beta, gamma, and delta L cells were shown to be equally sensitive to antibody-mediated complement-dependent lysis, indicating that the sequence of sensitivities of these L cell sublines to the direct lymphocyte and to LT does not merely reflect a general susceptibility to cell destruction. These results lend further support to the view that lymphotoxin is an important mediator of in vitro target cell destruction by human effector lymphocytes. © 1975.