The aim of this study was to characterize the role of particular elements of the regulatory loop L2 in the activation process and maintaining the proteolytic activity of HtrA (DegP) from Escherichia coli. We measured the effects of various mutations introduced to the L2 loop’s region (residues 228–238) on the stability of HtrA molecule and its proteolytic activity. We demonstrated that most mutations affected the activity of HtrA. In the case of the following substitutions: L229N, N235I, I238N, the proteolytic activity was undetectable. Thus, the majority of interactions mediated by the studied amino-acid residues seem to play important role in maintaining the active conformation. Formation of contacts between the apical parts (residues 231–234) of the L2 loops within the HtrA trimer, in particular the residues D232, was shown to play a crucial role in the activation process of HtrA. Stabilization of these intermolecular interactions by substitution of D232 with valine caused a stimulation of proteolytic activity whereas deletion of this region abolished the activity. Since the pathogenic E. coli strains require active HtrA for virulence, the apical part of L2 is of particular interest in terms of structure-based drug design for treatment E. coli infections.