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The role of iron in the growth of human leukemic cell lines.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of cellular physiology
Publication Date
Volume
121
Issue
1
Pages
251–256
Identifiers
PMID: 6592167
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The growth requirements of three human leukemic cell lines (K 562, HEL, U937) have been studied in the absence of serum. For growth in serum-free medium, the cells require insulin, transferrin, and albumin. Two highly water-soluble iron salts, ferric ammonium citrate and ferric ammonium sulfate, may completely replace transferrin for supporting the growth of these cell lines. Similar results were obtained when mitogen-stimulated lymphocytes were grown in serum-free media. Iron containing compounds, such as hemin or hemoglobin, were also able to replace transferrin. Experiments using 42/6 monoclonal antibody strongly suggest that free-iron salts are taken up by the cells by a mechanism that is completely independent from transferrin-receptors.

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