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The role of inhibition capacities in the Iowa gambling test performance in young tattooed women

Authors
  • Kertzman, Semion1, 2
  • Kagan, Alex3, 4, 5
  • Hegedish, Omer1, 6
  • Lapidus, Rina3
  • Weizman, Abraham2, 7
  • 1 Beer-Ya’akov-Ness Ziona Mental Health Center, Forensic Psychiatry Division, Ness Ziona, Israel , Ness Ziona (Israel)
  • 2 Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel , Tel Aviv (Israel)
  • 3 Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel , Ramat Gan (Israel)
  • 4 L.S. Vygotsky Institute of Psychology, RSUH, Moscow, Russia , Moscow (Russia)
  • 5 Ashkelon Academic College, Ashkelon, Israel , Ashkelon (Israel)
  • 6 University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel , Haifa (Israel)
  • 7 Research Unit, Geha Mental Health Center and Felsenstein Medical Research Center, Petah Tikva, Israel , Petah Tikva (Israel)
Type
Published Article
Journal
BMC Psychology
Publisher
BioMed Central
Publication Date
Dec 23, 2019
Volume
7
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s40359-019-0363-3
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundUsing the Iowa Gambling Test (IGT), we demonstrated previously impaired decision- making process in young tattooed women. The purpose of the present study was to explore the associations among the three facets of impaired inhibition (response inhibition, reflection inhibition and interference inhibition) and decision-making processes in this population.MethodsTo this end, the participants of the previous study (60 tattooed women and 60 non-tattooed women) were assessed in the Go/NoGo task, a measure of response inhibition, the Matched Familiar Figure Test (MFFT), a measure of reflection inhibition and the Stroop task a measure of interference inhibition.ResultsTattooed women were significantly slower than non-tattooed women in the Go/NoGo performance; however, no differences were detected in the MFFT and the Stroop task. A hierarchical regression analysis did not reveal any significant main effects of these inhibition measures on the IGT performance.ConclusionsThese findings do not support the hypothesis that risky decision in young tattooed women is due to impaired inhibitory control. Further studies are needed to identify the cognitive mechanisms involved in the tendency to risky decisions in young tattooed women.

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