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The Role of Genetic Factors in Characterizing Extra-Intestinal Manifestations in Crohn’s Disease Patients: Are Bayesian Machine Learning Methods Improving Outcome Predictions?

Authors
  • bottigliengo, daniele
  • berchialla, paola
  • lanera, corrado
  • azzolina, danila
  • lorenzoni, giulia
  • martinato, matteo
  • giachino, daniela
  • baldi, ileana
  • gregori, dario
Publication Date
Jun 17, 2019
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/jcm8060865
OAI: oai:mdpi.com:/2077-0383/8/6/865/
Source
MDPI
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

s disease (CD), extra-intestinal manifestations (EIMs) have a remarkable potential impact on health status. Increasing numbers of patient characteristics and the small size of analyzed samples make EIMs prediction very difficult. Under such constraints, Bayesian machine learning techniques (BMLTs) have been proposed as a robust alternative to classical models for outcome prediction. This study aims to determine whether BMLT could improve EIM prediction and statistical support for the decision-making process of clinicians. (2) Methods: Three of the most popular BMLTs were employed in this study: Naϊve Bayes (NB), Bayesian Network (BN) and Bayesian Additive Regression Trees (BART). They were applied to a retrospective observational Italian study of IBD genetics. (3) Results: The performance of the model is strongly affected by the features of the dataset, and BMLTs poorly classify EIM appearance. (4) Conclusions: This study shows that BMLTs perform worse than expected in classifying the presence of EIMs compared to classical statistical tools in a context where mixed genetic and clinical data are available but relevant data are also missing, as often occurs in clinical practice.

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