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The Role of Executive Function in Independent Living Skills in Female Adolescents and Young Adults With Fragile X Syndrome.

Authors
  • Martin, Arianna1
  • Quintin, Eve-Marie1
  • Hall, Scott S1
  • Reiss, Allan L1
  • 1 Arianna Martin, Center for Interdisciplinary Brain Sciences Research (CIBSR), Stanford University; Eve-Marie Quintin, Educational and Counseling Psychology Department, McGill University; Scott S. Hall, Center for Interdisciplinary Brain Sciences Research (CIBSR), Stanford University; and Allan L. Reiss, Center for Interdisciplinary Brain Sciences Research (CIBSR), Stanford University.
Type
Published Article
Journal
American journal on intellectual and developmental disabilities
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2016
Volume
121
Issue
5
Pages
448–460
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1352/1944-7558-121.5.448
PMID: 27611354
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is associated with executive function (EF) and independent living skills (ILS) deficits. We examined the role of childhood EF in ILS during adolescence/early adulthood in females with FXS and two comparison groups in the same age range (matched for IQ [IQ/Age group] and with another genetic condition, Turner syndrome [TS group]). EF and ILS were significantly higher for the FXS group than the IQ/Age group but did not differ from the TS group. For the FXS group, age and EF were significant predictors of ILS during adolescence/early adulthood, but there were no statistically significant longitudinal associations between EF and ILS. Our findings suggest that impairments in EF may have a significant effect on ILS in FXS.

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