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The role of COX-1 and COX-2 in Alzheimer's disease pathology and the therapeutic potentials of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Authors
  • Hoozemans, Jeroen J M1
  • O'Banion, M Kerry
  • 1 Neurogenetics Laboratory, Academic Medical Center, 1100 DE Amsterdam, The Netherlands. [email protected] , (Netherlands)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Current drug targets. CNS and neurological disorders
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2005
Volume
4
Issue
3
Pages
307–315
Identifiers
PMID: 15975032
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Epidemiological studies indicate that anti-inflammatory drugs, especially the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), decrease the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). Their beneficial effects may be due to interference of the chronic inflammatory reaction in AD. The best-characterised action of NSAIDs is the inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX). So far, clinical trials designed to inhibit inflammation or cyclooxygenase activity have failed in the treatment of AD patients. In this review we will focus on the role, expression and regulation of COX-1 and COX-2 in neurodegeneration and AD pathogenesis. Understanding the pathological, physiological and neuroprotective role of cyclooxygenase will contribute to the development of a therapy for the treatment or prevention of AD.

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