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The role of Cdc42 and Gic1 in the regulation of septin filament formation and dissociation.

Authors
  • Sadian, Yashar
  • Gatsogiannis, Christos
  • Patasi, Csilla
  • Hofnagel, Oliver
  • Goody, Roger S
  • Farkasovský, Marian
  • Raunser, Stefan
Type
Published Article
Journal
eLife
Publisher
"eLife Sciences Organisation, Ltd."
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2013
Volume
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.7554/eLife.01085
PMID: 24286829
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Septins are guanine nucleotide-binding proteins that polymerize into filamentous and higher-order structures. Cdc42 and its effector Gic1 are involved in septin recruitment, ring formation and dissociation. The regulatory mechanisms behind these processes are not well understood. Here, we have used electron microscopy and cryo electron tomography to elucidate the structural basis of the Gic1-septin and Gic1-Cdc42-septin interaction. We show that Gic1 acts as a scaffolding protein for septin filaments forming long and flexible filament cables. Cdc42 in its GTP-form binds to Gic1, which ultimately leads to the dissociation of Gic1 from the filament cables. Surprisingly, Cdc42-GDP is not inactive, but in the absence of Gic1 directly interacts with septin filaments resulting in their disassembly. We suggest that this unanticipated dual function of Cdc42 is crucial for the cell cycle. Based on our results we propose a novel regulatory mechanism for septin filament formation and dissociation. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.01085.001.

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