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The role of bridging ligands in determining DNA-binding ability and cross-linking patterns of dinuclear platinum(II) antitumour complexes.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Dalton Transactions
1477-9234
Publisher
The Royal Society of Chemistry
Publication Date
Issue
48
Pages
10889–10895
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1039/b913236h
PMID: 20023919
Source
Medline

Abstract

The DNA binding ability and binding mode of platinum complexes are crucial factors that govern their cytotoxic activity. In this work, circular dichroism spectroscopy, gel electrophoresis and MALDI-TOF MS spectrometry combined with enzymatic degradation have been used to elucidate the role of bridging ligands in DNA-binding ability and cross-linking patterns of two dinuclear antitumour active platinum(II) complexes, {[cis-Pt(NH(3))(2)Cl](2)L1}(NO(3))(2) (1, L1= 4,4'-methylenedianiline) and {[cis-Pt(NH(3))(2)Cl](2)L2}(NO(3))(2) (2, L2 = alpha,alpha'-diamino-p-xylene). Although both complexes have two cis-diammine-Pt(II) moieties (1,1/c,c), complex 1 exhibits much higher DNA-binding ability than complex 2. The former readily forms both 1,3- and 1,4-intrastrand cross-links with DNA oligonucleotides, while the latter preferentially forms 1,4- rather than 1,3-intrastrand cross-links. Cytotoxicity studies against a human non-small-cell lung cancer cell line (A549) demonstrate that complex 1 has higher activity than 2. These results show that the linker properties play a critical role in controlling the DNA-binding and cross-linking abilities and in modulating the cytotoxicity of dinuclear platinum complexes.

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