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[Role of Anammox Bacteria in Removal of Nitrogen Compounds from Wastewater].

Authors
  • Kallistovaa, A Yu
  • Dorofeev, A G
  • Nikolaev, Yu A
  • Kozlov, M N
  • Kevbrina, M V
  • Pimenov, N V
Type
Published Article
Journal
Mikrobiologiia
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2016
Volume
85
Issue
2
Pages
126–144
Identifiers
PMID: 27476201
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The review deals with the unique microbial group responsible for anaerobic ammonium oxidation with nitrite (anammox), and with the role of this process in development of the biotechnology for removal of nitrogen compounds from wastewater. The history of the study of this process is briefly related. Up-to date knowledge on the intracellular organization, energy metabolism, growth stoichiometry, and physiology of anammox bacteria is described, and the main methods for cultivation of these microorganisms are characterized. Special attention is paid to the problems associated with practical application of anammox bacteria, which result from their extremely slow growth, the absence of pure cultures, and the interaction with other microbial groups.

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