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The role of age of acquisition in memory: effects on judgements of learning and recall.

Authors
  • Illman, Nathan A
  • Morrison, Catriona M
Type
Published Article
Journal
Quarterly journal of experimental psychology (2006)
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2011
Volume
64
Issue
9
Pages
1665–1671
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2011.591495
PMID: 21838653
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Judgements of learning (JOLs) are self-made predictions of the likelihood that one will later recall information. The influence of stimulus characteristics on JOLs and recall continues to receive attention, yet there are still a number of unexplored lexical word features that may exert an effect on mnemonic processing. Using a standard cue-target paradigm, we focused on the role of word age of acquisition (AoA) and evaluated the role of both cue and target AoA on responses. We replicated the robust delayed-JOL effect and used a novel items analysis approach to examine the relationship between intrinsic word features and accuracy and reaction times for both JOLs and recall. A consistent effect of target AoA was found, even after controlling for a range of covariates previously shown to impact JOLs and recall. These results expand the role of AoA in word processing and suggest that it is a key variable in memory and metacognition; they also support Koriat's (1997) cue utilization framework.

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