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Robotic-assisted surgery for esophageal submucosal tumors: a single-center case series.

Authors
  • Froiio, Caterina1, 2
  • Berlth, Felix1
  • Capovilla, Giovanni1
  • Tagkalos, Evangelos1
  • Hadzijusufovic, Edin1
  • Mann, Carolina1
  • Lang, Hauke1
  • Grimminger, Peter Philipp3
  • 1 Mainz University, Johannes Gutenberg Universitat Mainz, Mainz, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 2 Department of General Surgery , IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, University of Milan , Milano, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 3 Mainz University, Johannes Gutenberg Universitat Mainz, Mainz, Germany. [email protected]. , (Germany)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Updates in surgery
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2022
Volume
74
Issue
3
Pages
1043–1054
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s13304-022-01247-z
PMID: 35147859
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Esophageal submucosal tumors (SMTs) are rare heterogenous clinical entities. The surgical resection can be performed in different surgical approaches. However, the robotic surgical strategy is poorly documented in the treatment of SMTs. We present our series of operated esophageal SMTs approached via robotic-assisted surgery. Six patients with symptomatic esophageal submucosal tumors underwent robotic surgery within a 3-year period. The performed procedures were robotic-assisted enucleation, robotic esophagectomy (RAMIE) and reverse hybrid robotic esophagectomy. Patients' clinical data, intra/postoperative outcomes, and histopathological features were retrieved from the institution's prospective database. Five of six patients were scheduled for upfront surgery: four underwent robotic enucleation (three leiomyoma and one suspected GIST) and one underwent reverse hybrid robotic esophagectomy (suspected GIST). One patient, diagnosed with GIST, was treated with neoadjuvant Imatinib therapy, before undergoing a RAMIE. No major intra-operative complications were recorded. Median length of stay was 7 days (6-50), with a longer post-operative course in patients who underwent esophagectomy. Clavien-Dindo > 3a complications occurred in two patients, aspiration pneumonia and delayed gastric emptying. The final histopathological and immuno-histochemical diagnosis were leiomyoma, well-differentiated GIST, low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma and Schwannoma. Robotic-assisted surgery seems to be a promising option for surgical treatment strategies of benign or borderline esophageal submucosal tumors. © 2022. The Author(s).

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