We report secondary urethral involvement without apparent bladder neck involvement in women with transitional cell carcinoma. Women who are candidates for orthotopic reconstruction should undergo biopsies of the bladder neck and urethra as part of the preoperative evaluation. In patients with palpable masses (stage T3b) on bimanual examination, transvaginal biopsies should also be considered. Intraoperative frozen sections of the urethral and vaginal margins should be obtained.
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The corresponding record at NLM can be accessed at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9146596