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Risk of urethral, vaginal and cervical involvement in patients undergoing radical cystectomy for bladder cancer: results of a contemporary cystectomy series from M. D. Anderson Cancer Center.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of Urology
0022-5347
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
157
Issue
6
Pages
2120–2123
Identifiers
PMID: 9146596
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We report secondary urethral involvement without apparent bladder neck involvement in women with transitional cell carcinoma. Women who are candidates for orthotopic reconstruction should undergo biopsies of the bladder neck and urethra as part of the preoperative evaluation. In patients with palpable masses (stage T3b) on bimanual examination, transvaginal biopsies should also be considered. Intraoperative frozen sections of the urethral and vaginal margins should be obtained.

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