We aimed to evaluate the effect of prolonged recovery from DGF on outcomes, using a new definition of DGF recovery time, among deceased donor kidney transplant recipients with DGF, and to examine the risk factors for prolonged recovery. From 2007 to 2016, 91 deceased donor kidney transplant recipients with DGF were retrospectively analyzed. DGF recovery time was defined as the time from transplantation to achieve a stable estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Recipients with a DGF recovery time greater than or equal to the median were assigned to the prolonged recovery group, while the others were assigned to the rapid recovery group. The median DGF recovery time was 27 days. Donor terminal eGFR was significantly lower in the prolonged recovery group (n = 46) compared with the rapid recovery group (n = 45) (median 24.9 vs. 65.4 ml/min/1.73m2, p = 0.004). The eGFR at 1 year post-transplant in the prolonged recovery group was significantly lower than that in the rapid recovery group (50.6 ± 20.0 vs. 63.5 ± 21.4 ml/min/1.73m2, p = 0.005). The risk of adverse outcomes (acute rejection, pneumonia, graft failure, and death) was significantly greater in the prolonged recovery group (hazard ratio 2.604, 95% confidence interval 1.102-6.150, p = 0.029) compared with the rapid recovery group. Decreased donor terminal eGFR is a risk factor for prolonged recovery from DGF after deceased kidney transplantation. Prolonged DGF recovery time is associated with reduced graft function at 1-year post-transplant, and poor transplant outcome.