Ring finger protein 219 (RNF219), a protein containing the C3 HC4 -type RING-HC motif, has been identified as a binding partner of the histone deacetylase sirtuin 1 (SIRT1). To explore the functions of RNF219, we examined its possible roles in the cellular responses to inflammation. Effects of RNF219 on SIRT1 were studied in vitro using RAW264.7 cells and in male BALB/c mice, treated with LPS or IFN-γ. Western blots, RT-PCR, co-immunoprecipitation and ubiquitination assays were used, along with LC-MS/MS analysis. In vivo, survival and serum cytokines and tissue levels of RNF219 and SIRT1 were measured. Binding of RNF219 to SIRT1 inhibited degradation of SIRT1 by preventing its ubiquitination, thereby prolonging SIRT1-mediated anti-inflammatory signalling. LPS caused RNF219 deacetylation, leading to instability of RNF219 and preventing its association with SIRT1. Accordingly, the acetylation status of RNF219 is a critical determinant in its interaction with SIRT1, affecting the response to inflammatory stimuli. The deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A, increased acetylation and stability of RNF219 and survival of mice injected with LPS, through the interaction of RNF219 with SIRT1. RNF219 is involved in a novel mechanism to stabilize SIRT1 protein by protein-protein interaction, leading to the resolution of cellular inflammation. These observations provide new insights into the function of RNF219 in modulation of cellular inflammation, and may aid and encourage the development of new anti-inflammatory drugs. © 2020 The British Pharmacological Society.